The following techniques are commonly used to create and manage Bill of Materials (BOMs):
- Engineering Change Order (ECO): An ECO is used to update the BOM when changes are made to the design of the product. It is important to keep the BOM up-to-date to ensure that the correct parts are ordered and that production runs smoothly.
- Modular BOM: A modular BOM is used when a product is made up of interchangeable modules. Each module has its own BOM, which can be used to build a customized product.
- Phantom BOM: A phantom BOM is used when a sub-assembly is made up of other sub-assemblies. It is important to track the components of each sub-assembly to ensure that the correct parts are ordered.
- Indented BOM: An indented BOM is used to show the hierarchical relationship between different levels of the BOM. This is useful for complex products that are made up of many sub-assemblies.
- Single-level BOM: A single-level BOM is used for products that are simple and made up of only one or a few parts.
- Modular product design: In a modular product design, products are designed to be made up of interchangeable modules that can be used in different products. This approach simplifies the BOM and makes it easier to manage.
Overall, the goal of these techniques is to create a BOM that accurately reflects the components of the finished product and makes it easy to manage the production process. By carefully managing the BOM, businesses can reduce errors and avoid costly delays in production.